Marriage Between Music and Modern Medicine: The Hurdles in India – Score Short Reads
In 1999, a critical study published in Nature Neuroscience reported that music modulates the amygdala activity, the structure in the brain whose dysfunction is partly associated with pathologic anxiety and depression.
The activity of core structures of emotion processing was also modulated by music, and that’s the basis of how music evokes emotions. This might be the empirical basis for using music therapy (MT) interventions.
That said, there is a sharp distinction between music and music therapy interventions. According to the American Music Therapy Association (AMTA), music therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved MT program.
The last few decades saw burgeoning evidences that attest to the positive impact of musical interventions in reducing pain, anxiety, and stress among patients belonging to a broad spectrum of illnesses.
While there is heterogeneity in the research methods of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) conducted worldwide over the years, all of them conclude that MT reduces anxiety and stress in patients. Musical interventions has a significant positive impact on memory and orientation among Alzheimer’s patients and social interaction, verbal communication among autism spectrum disorder, gait improvement and symptom alleviation in Parkinson’s disease.